Name of Samui
Koh Samui has been inhabited for a long time but nobody know when the first group of people arrived on the island. Even the name of the island is still to debate Some people believes that the name “ Samui “ converted from the JAFA language means “ wave and wind “ or “ the island of wave and wind “ Some claim that “ Samui” was converted from “ Seang - Buai” in Chinese language which means “ the first gate “ Because Chinese merchants had anchored their boats there in Samui before going to Thailand’s capital. Others assume the name of the island is evolved from “ Samui “ in the Tha-Min language which also means “ wave and wind “ Besides still many believe that “ Samui “ comes from a name of plant which local people calls “ Ton Samui “
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History of Koh Samui
Samui was first settled by fisherman since 5th century. The first group of people found that Samui was very abundant and rich and it was safe to be a protection from high winds in the coves along the northern the northern shores., where the earliest fishing communities were established Fishing has remained one of the greatest island’s economic activity from them on.
Late of 7th century, it is believed that the ancient Indians settled down in Samui too because the Lin sum, which was inscribed. In ancient Indian character. Was found around the hillside in the north. Moreover, the ancient axes, the ancient bronze Drums,the artifacts since the Stone Age were found there too. Late of 16th’ century, Samui appeared as a part of the world. Because it was mentioned in the ancient Chinese maps in the late Ming Dynasty. According to the discovery of the ancient ceramics in Samui. In can be assumed that it was a part of the extensive trade network and is also had a great trade connection with Chinese Besides some Chinese merchants had always anchored their boats before going to Ayuttaya, some were there to purchase food, many went there to get fresh water and others stopped to rest while there were some of people from Chaiya, Dan Sak, Nakhon Si Thammarat who migrated to Samui to be fishermen in the middle part of the island because it was more abundant. Conclusively, Samui was one of the greatest fishermen communities in the South of Thailand in the previous times but today it becomes a tourist’s paradise.
The first government of Samui was established during the reign of King Rama 5 under the jurisdiction of Nakhon Si Thammarat government. In the Buddhist year 2427 ( 1884 ). Prince Glom Pra Yah Pahnupun. Wongworadat came to inspect the Nakhon Si Thammart and its branch “ Samui “ During his visit, the Prince learned that the islanders did not want to take orders from the government in Nakhon Si Thammarat because the Royal Official from Nakhon Si Thammart was using fear and punishment to show his power over the people. The people was extremely afraid of him.
Because of the Royal Prince’s generosity generosity, the people felt it was a wise idea to show then dissatisfactory from Nakhon Si Thammart government to them . After the Prince got all information, he went to Chaiya where there was a city official named Chum Sriyapa. The Prince granted him a noble status in order to give more power to the area of Chaiya Then the Prince reported all wishes of the islanders to His Majesty the King Rama 5. Finally Samui promoted to be district which was transferred to be under jurisdiction of Chaiya city and became a part of Surat Thani as it’s today.
During World War 2, Japanese military forces attempted a brief occupation of the island but they left the island finally because some of them were killed by the local fishermen. Over 20 years ago, it was recognized as a budget traveler’s destination. Today a large number of hotels and resorts spring up in Samui so rapidly, it attracts more and more up-market travelers. Indeed, it remains the best and suitable place for peace lovers.